Nederlandse Spoorwegen (English: Dutch Railways), or NS, is the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.
Its trains operate over the tracks of the Dutch national rail infrastructure, operated by ProRail, which was split off from NS in 2003. Freight services, formerly operated by NS Cargo are now part of the DB Schenker group since a merger in 2000.
NS handles 1.1 million passengers every day, with 4,800 scheduled trains. The NS was founded in 1938 when the two largest Dutch railway companies, the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-
As a result of the First World War, the Netherlands' economy had declined causing HSM and SS fall from profitability. But, given their national importance, allowing them to slip into bankruptcy was not considered acceptable. While remaining independent companies, HSM and SS improved overall efficiency by cooperatively integrating their operations. The Dutch government further supported HSM and SS by purchasing shares in the two firms. In 1938, the government merged the two companies forming Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS). In the process, the government bought all remaining shares, yet never nationalized the company. Therefore, NS remained, and still is, a private company solely owned by the Dutch government.
Netherland railway maintenance companies