Office National des Chemins de Fer du Maroc - ONCF
ONCF or ONCFM (in French - Office National des Chemins de Fer du Maroc, National Office for Railways of Morocco) is Morocco's national railway operator. The Office employs around 7,806 employees and has a network of 1,907 km, all 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge of which 1,003 km is electrified (2006) Rail transport in Morocco was initially developed in the colonial era. It functioned primarily as a means to mobilize colonial troops and to transport natural resources.
Morocco had from 1912 - 1935 one of the largest 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) gauge network in Africa with total length of more than 1700 kilometres. After the treaty of Algeciras where the representatives of Great Powers agreed not to build any 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge railway in Morocco until the standard gauge Tangier - Fez Railway being completed, the French begun to build military 600 mm gauge lines in their part of Morocco French Morocco.
In fact the first short narrow gauge railway in Morocco was a short 600 mm gauge line presented to the Sultan of Morocco in 1887 by the Belgian Government to connect his palace with his Jardin. With railway came two coaches and one steam locomotive ( Krauss 1744 / 1887 Ct-n2 ) delivered via F.Weidknecht, Paris. This move was done to improve the Belgian trade possibilities with the Sultan with hope to build railways in Morocco.